Back and Loin
Set on of the tail
17 - Forechest
28 - Upper thigh
30 - Lower thigh
Point of the hock
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Friendly, loving and devoted to his owners, specially to the children. Reserved towards strangers. Required is a confident, fearless, easily tractable, docile companion and family dog with high resistanceto provocation and without aggression.
Skull : In harmony with the general appearance. Long, narrow, distinct, full of expression. Finely chiselled, specially under the eyes. Superciliary ridges well developed but not protruding. The distance from tip of nose to stop and from stop to the lightly defined occipital bone should be as equal as possible. The upper lines of muzzle and skull should run parallel. The head must appear narrow seen from the front with bridge of nose as broad as possible. Cheek muscles only slightly defined and in no way protruding.
Stop : Clearly defined.
Nose : Well developeded, rather broad than round with large nostrils. Must be black with the exception of harlequins (white with black patches). In these a black nose is desired but a butterfly nose (black with pink patches) or flesh coloured nose is tolerated. In blue dogs the colour of the nose is anthracite (diluted black).
Deep and as rectangular as possible. Well defined corners of lips. Dark pigmented lips. In harlequins not totally pigmented or flesh coloured lips are tolerated.
Well developed broad jaws. Strong sound and complete scissor bite (42 teeth according to the dentition formula).
Of medium size with lively friendly intelligent expression. As dark as possible, almond shaped with close fitting lids. In blue dogs slightly lighter eyes are tolerated. In harlequins light eyes or two differently coloured eyes are to be tolerated.
Naturally pendant, set on high, of medium size, front edges lying close to cheeks.
Long, clean, muscular. Well formed set on, tapering slightly towards the head, with arched neckline. Carried upright but inclined slightly forward.
The highest point of the strong body. It is formed by the points of the shoulder blades which extend beyond the spinal processes.
Short and firm, in almost straight line falling away imperceptibly to the rear.
Slightly arched, broad, strongly muscled.
Broad, well muscled. Sloping slightly from hipbone to tail set, imperceptibly merging into the tailset.
Reaching to the elbows. Well sprung ribs, reaching far back. Chest of good width with marked forechest.
Underline and belly:
Belly well tucked up towards rear, forming a nicely curved line with the underside of the brisket.
TAIL : Reaching to the hocks. Set on high and broad, tapering evenly towards tip. In repose hanging down with natural curve. When dog is alert or moving, carried slightly sabre-like but not markedly above the backline. Bristle hair on tail undesirable.
Strongly muscled. The long, slanting shoulder blade forms an angle of 100 to 110 degrees with the upper arm.
Strong and muscular, close fitting, should be slightly longer than the shoulder blade.
Turned neither in nor out.
Strong, muscular. Seen from front and side, completely straight.
Strong, firm, only slightly standing out from the structure of the forearm.
Strong, straight when seen from the front, seen from the side, barely slanting forwards.
Rounded, well arched, well-knit toes (cat feet). Nails short, strong and as dark as possible.
The whole skeleton is covered by strong muscles which make the croup, hips and upper thighs appear broad and rounded. The strong well angulated hind legs, seen from behind, are set parallel to the front legs.
Long, broad, very muscular.
Strong, positioned almost vertically under the hip joint.
Long, of approximately the same length as the upper thigh. Well muscled.
Strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
Short, strong, standing almost vertical to the ground.
Rounded, well arched, well-knit (cat feet). Nails short, strong and as dark as possible.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Harmonious, lithe, ground covering, slightly springy. Legs must be parallel in movement coming and going.
Tight fitting. In solid colours, well pigmented. In harlequins, the distribution of pigment mainly corresponds to the markings.
Very short, dense, smooth and close lying, glossy.
The Great Dane is bred in three separate colour varieties: Fawn and brindle, harlequin and black, and blue.